There has never been a time when a clear strategy for communication of water science has been more important. The dual threat of climate change and rapid human intrusion into sensitive landscapes both creates new problems and exacerbates risk exposure. Guidance for the difficult decisions that are needed to protect people, the environment, and the economy should be based on data-driven science and should not default to social media. A consensus of badly informed opinions should not be the basis of public policy. Fortunately, the USGS is very good at providing science for a changing world. This 64-page document should be studied by monitoring agencies all over the world.