Year of Polar Prediction – from Research to Improved Environmental Safety

The WMO has announced YOPP – the year of polar prediction – from mid-2017 to mid-2019 as a campaign to improve predictions of weather, climate, and ice conditions in the Arctic and Antarctic. The Arctic and parts of the Antarctic are heating twice as rapidly as the rest of the world, causing melting of glaciers, shrinking sea ice and snow cover. Warming arctic air masses and declining sea ice are believed to affect ocean circulation and the jet stream, and are potentially linked to extreme phenomena such as cold spells, heat waves and droughts in the northern hemisphere.